Download E-books Cosmology and the Polis: The Social Construction of Space and Time in the Tragedies of Aeschylus PDF

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By Richard Seaford

This e-book additional develops Professor Seaford's cutting edge paintings at the examine of formality and cash within the constructing Greek polis. It employs the idea that of the chronotope, which refers back to the phenomenon wherein the spatial and temporal frameworks particular or implicit in a textual content have a similar constitution and uncovers quite a few such chronotopes within the Homeric Hymn to Demeter and particularly the tragedies of Aeschylus. Mikhail Bakhtin's pioneering use of the chronotope used to be in literary research. This examine in contrast derives the diversity of chronotopes show up in Greek texts from the range of socially integrative practices within the constructing polis - particularly reciprocity, collective ritual, and monetised alternate. specifically, the tragedies of Aeschylus embodies the reassuring absorption of the hot and perilous monetised chronotope into the conventional chronotope that arises from collective ritual with its aetiological fantasy.

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Five Sack (1986) 19, 27, fifty nine. 6 Seaford (2004a) a hundred and eighty n. 30, 187–8, 191–8. Vernant (2006). 7 no longer least simply because his subsequent phrases are ‘describing it hence in quite poetical terms’. eight Hklt. B114 isn't really an exception: Seaford (2004a) 202 n. seventy four. nine Seaford (2004a) 190–3, 202. 10 Seaford (2004a) 205–7. have been all this – as has been steered to me – to use both to Homeric phusis, it is going to accomplish that merely through a fancy means of inference (the be aware phusis happens in Homer merely at Od. 10. 303, of a herb). eleven bankruptcy three n. 27. 12 For element see Seaford (2004a) 201–5. thirteen One objection advances the prospect that coinage was once itself the made from the hot mentality that produced presocratic philosophy. This leaves the recent mentality unexplained, while the discovery and unfold of coinage is explicable by means of the sensible wishes and percentages in the particular old conjuncture during which it happened. I do settle for that the creation of coined cash was once only one component to a basic transformation of the archaic polis either internally and in its exterior kinfolk. My emphasis used to be at the development of exchange, the supply of electrum, and exact spiritual practices (animal sacrifice and mystery-cult), all of that are – I concede – inseparable from the complicated tactics of a broader context. this doesn't notwithstanding impact my insistence at the particular effect of monetisation on presocratic cosmology and tragedy. 14 Seaford (2004a) fifty one n. 27. 15 Seaford (2004a) 11–12 (esp. n. 40). sixteen The an important distinction the following among huge and limitless is illustrated via the absurdity of collecting ten billion tripods (as against ten billion drachmas). considerably, by means of a ways the most important (tending in the direction of limitless) combination of wealth in Homer is what Achilles imagines rejecting from Agamemnon, to precise the breakdown of reciprocity and to valorise (uniquely in Homer) his psuch (Il. nine. 378–411): 14C; Seaford (2004a) 301–3. 17 Seaford (1994a), (2004a) 292–8; Tandy (1997). 18 For the matter of its authenticity see such a lot lately Blok and Lardinois (2006); uncoined silver funds is already obvious within the legislation of Solon (Seaford (2004a) 90–3). 19 Fr. thirteen. 71–3. Cf. 3C. 20 Seaford (2004a) 165–9. 21 Ag. 958–62; Seaford (1998) 123–31. 22 Figueira (1998), e. g. 555. 23 Isocrates (On the Peace eighty two) describes this as a customary perform. Kennedy (2006) rightly argues that Aeschylean geography isn't lots decorative as an expression of Athenian energy. I upload that the facility of cash impacts conceptions of geographic area. 24 at the relative unimportance of barter and its basic distinction from monetised alternate see Seaford (2004a) 155–6, 292. 25 7B, 9C, 11C. 26 Τνειν and κτνειν are used of paying (and πρττειν and κπρττειν of exacting) revenge, penalty, reimbursement or cost (not gifts). And so the infrequent situations of τνειν getting used for recompense for profit suggest necessity: e. g. Ag. 822. All 4 phrases are utilized in Oresteia. 27 Solon F26, 30, 32, 33, sixty five Ruschenbusch (1966). 28 For aspect see Seaford (2004a) Ch. 12. 29 Seaford (2004a) 170–1.

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