Download E-books Language and Learning: Philosophy of Language in the Hellenistic Age PDF

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Hellenistic philosophers and students laid the rules upon which Western culture constructed analytical grammar, linguistics, philosophy of language and different disciplines. construction at the pioneering paintings of Plato, Aristotle and past thinkers, they constructed a variety of theories concerning the nature and starting place of language. Ten essays discover the traditional theories, their philosophical adequacy, and their impression on later thinkers from Augustine throughout the heart a long time.

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Such ‘interjections’ are notoriously tough to classify in grammatical and semantic phrases: see n. iii. those passages, and their implications for the bounds of Epicurean glossogenesis, might be mentioned in Atherton (forthcoming). Lucretius on what language isn't really 103 on the sort of scale’ that Kenney suspects Lucretius by no means had (1977: 20). regrettably, all that survives of Epicurus’ account of the origins of names is the precis thereof within the Letter, the place Epicurus additionally discusses different worlds – recognized from fr. eighty two Usener (= scholiast advert Ep. Hdt. seventy four) to were one other subject in publication 12. If it did seem in Epicurus’ magnum opus, as is believable, not anything of it's identified to outlive (cf. Sedley 1998a: 121–2, Morford 2002: 122). Scholarly debate in regards to the volume of Lucretius’ ‘orthodoxy’, during this as in such a lot of different parts, has lengthy been extra vigorous than conclusive; and as this paper aren't vastly all in favour of choosing both Lucretius’ assets, or his rivals, it is going to now not a lot fear us if all which could properly be acknowledged is that Lucretius’ account has as its context, as does the Letter, the tale of the emergence of civilisation; and that – back as in Epicurus – its emphasis is at the naturalness of names to people, with marked competition to the proposal of divine or heroic name-givers devising names for languageless people within the unique phases of linguistic improvement. The reward of naming, or of language generally, needs to be visible as anything straight away particular to us – and finally as what makes attainable the expression and transmission of Epicurus’ divine knowledge (e. g. three. 12)6 – whereas still failing to represent a mark of our distinct prestige within the total scheme, or particularly non-scheme, of items. no matter what e-book 12 of On Nature could have appeared like – and maybe better similarities might were seen among it and our textual content – compared to the Letter Lucretius’ account is a truly unusual fish certainly. at the one hand, it doesn't comprise a normal programmatic assertion of the primary of improvement which opens Epicurus’ anthropology, therefore utilized to the emergence of language (cf. Garbo 1936: 248; Bollack et al. 1971: 236, Brunschwig 1994: 22): One needs to, furthermore, believe that nature7 too used to be either advised and restricted in lots of other ways through circumstances/things themselves; and that cause later elaborated, and additional additional discoveries/inventions to, what have been handed on 6 7 maybe the repeated allusions to phrases because the medium for Epicurus’ message also are major: five. 50, fifty three, fifty four (Epicurus’ sayings/writings; cf. 6. 24); fifty seven, ninety nine, 272 (Lucretius’ task); 113 (Lucretius’ ‘oracles’: 110f. , 121). As Taylor 1947: 185 observes, Epicurus’ ‘great truths’ couldn't were came across with out the ‘rise from savagery’ of which the discovery of language is so renowned an element. The puzzle is that Lucretius nowhere says as a lot. The personification of natura at DRN five. 1028, which keeps with utilitas in 1029 and infantia linguae in 1031 (cf.

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