Thucydides, Pericles, and the assumption of Athens within the Peloponnesian conflict is the 1st complete examine of Thucydides' presentation of Pericles' radical redefinition of town of Athens in the course of the Peloponnesian warfare. Martha Taylor argues that Thucydides subtly evaluations Pericles' imaginative and prescient of Athens as a urban divorced from the territory of Attica and targeted, as a substitute, at the sea and the empire. Thucydides exhibits that Pericles' reconceputalization of the town led the Athenians either to Melos and to Sicily. towards the top of his paintings, Thucydides demonstrates that versatile pondering the town exacerbated the Athenians' civil struggle. offering a radical critique and research of Thucydides' overlooked ebook eight, Taylor indicates that Thucydides praises political compromise situated round the conventional urban in Attica. In doing so, he implicitly censures either Pericles and the Athenian imperial undertaking itself.
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Extra resources for Thucydides, Pericles, and the Idea of Athens in the Peloponnesian War
33. 3); the Athenians fall at the Lacedaemonian ships “at sea and in formation” (tv mn ple©ouv kaª meteÛrouv ¢dh tän neän kaª ntipr rouv, four. 14. 1). as a result of loss of area for mooring in the course of their siege at Pylos, whereas a few crews ate a meal on shore, “the different ships anchored at sea” (a¬ d metwroi ãrmoun, four. 26. 3). Off Peiraion, even supposing they accrued the remainder and anchored, the Peloponnesians “lost one send at the sea” (kaª m©an mn naÓn pollÅasi metwron o¬ Peloponnsioi, eight. 10. 3); Astyochus sailed fast for Samos “in case he may well trap the ships at the excessive sea” (e pwv perilboi pou meteÛrouv tv naÓv, eight. forty two. 1). Thucydides may also use the notice during this experience for males: on the lousy climax of the conflict within the harbor at Syracuse, “as many males as had now not been captured at the sea” (Âsoi m metwroi lwsan) fell into the camp (7. seventy one. 6). This final passage exhibits that Thucydides doesn't use meteoros just for ships even if it capability “at sea. ” Thucydides makes use of meteoros almost always (fifteen occasions) to designate place on land, in particular to consult the better flooring that infantrymen wish to grab in conflict. 15 he's not keen on utilizing meteoros to explain issues “in suspense. ” certainly, he employs it just once during this experience, to explain the agitated country of Greece at the eve of warfare: “the remainder of Hellas used to be unsettled because the first states clashed” (¤ te llh ëEllv pasa metwrov §n, 2. eight. 1). while it doesn't describe place on land, meteoros in Thucydides’ paintings, frequently capability “at sea. ” 14 15 Dover in Gomme et al. 1970, loc. cit. 2. seventy seven. three; three. seventy two. three; three. 89. 2; four. 35. four; four. 36. 2; three. forty four. 2; three. forty six. 2; three. fifty seven. 2; three. 112. three; three. 124. three; three. 128. 2; three. 128. three; four. 32. three; five. 6. three; 7. eighty two. three, in keeping with B´etant. 142 Thucydides, Pericles, and the assumption of Athens Thucydides’ personal utilization and the venerable photo of the “ship of nation” inspire us to listen to the sounds of the ocean while Nicias speaks of the meteoros polis and to learn it as “when town is at sea. ” a twin of the send of kingdom is going again no less than to Alcaeus, who makes use of it in a longer metaphor in regards to the pressured political state of affairs in Mytilene: “I fail to appreciate the course [stasis] of the winds: one wave rolls in from this aspect, one other from that, and we within the heart are carried alongside in corporation with our nice black send, a lot distressed within the nice hurricane. ”16 Alcaeus repeats the picture in one other fragment: “this wave in flip comes (like? ) the former one, and it'll supply us a lot hassle to bale out whilst it enters the ship’s. . . . allow us to advance (the ship’s aspects) as speedy as attainable, and allow us to race right into a safe harbor. ”17 Alcaeus makes use of the picture rather a lot that he annoyed Heraclitus, who complained that “the islander overdoes the seafaring in his allegories, and he compares lots of the problems which assail him as a result of the tyrants to storms at the excessive seas. ”18 As Robin Nisbet and Margaret Hubbard comment, “anybody who had loved a rhetorical schooling should have identified concerning the determine [of the send of state]. ”19 the picture was once highly regarded for Athenian poets20 and politicians way back to Solon.